Thursday, May 21, 2020

Information Technology Project Management, - 31215 Words

Solutions to Accompany Information Technology Project Management, Third Edition ISBN 0-619-159847 Course Technology MIS Series Companion Web Site: Kathy Schwalbe, Ph.D., PMP Table of Contents CHAPTER 1 1 CHAPTER 2 3 CHAPTER 3 7 CHAPTER 4 9 CHAPTER 5 13 CHAPTER 6 18 CHAPTER 7 22 CHAPTER 8 27 CHAPTER 9 31 CHAPTER 10 35 CHAPTER 11 38 CHAPTER 12 41 APPENDIX A 44 APPENDIX B 49 APPENDIX C 51 List of solution files available with the Instructor Resource material: CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Project Management Discussion Questions 1. Why is there a new or renewed interest in the field of project management? More and†¦show more content†¦5. Briefly describe some key events in the history of project management. What project was the first to use â€Å"modern† project management? Some people say that building the Egyptian pyramids or the Great Wall of China were projects. Modern project management began with the Manhattan Project or development of the atomic bomb, which took about three years and cost almost $2 billion in 1946. This project had a separate project manager and technical manager. 6. What is the career outlook for project managers in information technology? Describe recent trends in project management certification and software tools. The demand for project managers continues to grow as more organizations take on projects. PMP certification continues to grown, and people are also starting to earn IT Project+ certification from CompTIA. Exercises Answers to all of these exercises will vary. The main purpose of these exercises is to have students begin doing some independent research to further explore the field of project management. You could have students discuss the results of these exercises in class to enhance participation. The exercises are provided here for your convenience. 1. Visit the Standish Group’s Web site ( Read one of the CHAOS articles or a similar report on information technology project management on their site or a similar site. Write a one-page summary of the report, its key conclusions, and your opinion of the report.Show MoreRelatedThe Information Technology Project Management Project2330 Words   |  10 PagesThe information Technology project that I will be working on for this assignment will be a media management. So the scenario will be that this hypothetical Department of Defense contract company deals with large data files within the sensitive compartmented information facility. The data includes personal information, programs, software install kit, intelligence surveillance data and etc. Any of media traffic that goes in and out of this facility must be logged and tracked by security officials.Read MoreProject Risk Management Of Information Technology1492 Words   |  6 Pages PROJECT RISK MANAGEMENT IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY By POURUSPA ANKLESARIA 18154704 Executive Summary This report revolves around the risks in Information Systems Project and also gives a brief idea on Information technology project management. The project also shows and discusses the importance and the role of project manager in making the project a success. Risk and how to deal with it, risk management using Work Breakdown Structure Read MoreQuestions On Information Technology Project Management1942 Words   |  8 PagesITEC 640 Information Technology Project Management 640Ses6Mid.doc SESSION 6 Mid-Term Exam Jun 28, 2015 Troy Jenkins 1. Project management is a process that involves planning, organization, applying knowledge, tools and techniques, and controlling the resources to project activities to meet the project requirementsRead MoreOrganization Planning, Project Management, and Information Technology1319 Words   |  6 PagesApplication: Organization Planning, Project Management, and Information Technology The successful implementation and subsequent meaningful use of information technology solutions within a health care organization is a challenging and iterative process. The organization must engage in careful and ongoing strategic and tactical planning to ensure that the implemented technology will ultimately be effective and beneficial for its practitioners, staff, and patients. To prepare for this ApplicationRead MoreThe Information Technology Services Project Management Methodology973 Words   |  4 Pages Definition of methodology Project methodology provides the Information Technology Services project teams with group of rules to manage projects. Methodology is a tool provider to make every one s job easier, mainly who manages the project, which contains the description, steps and templates to various project activities that require delivering successful projects. Project Management Methodology is a factually defined sequence of logically related practices, methods and processes that determineRead MoreA Brief Note On Information Technology Project Management1995 Words   |  8 Pages INF30029 – Information Technology Project Management Assignment 2 – Reflective Paper By Ke Dung Dao 1799673 Due Date: 23/05/2016 Weight: 20% â€Æ' Executive Summary This paper reflects the experiences I have encountered working in a project team identifying the problems that occurred, how I managed those problems, and what I learnt from them. Problems I had listed in the paper are group meeting attendance problems and communication issues I’ve identified that communication is biggest issueRead MoreEffective Management of Complex Information Technology Projects557 Words   |  2 Pages Effectively managing complex information technology projects is predominantly an exercise in precision and planning, but the best project managers know that adaptability is often the best way to mitigate the risk factors posed by dynamic environments. Adhering to a companys most recently issued mission statement is often the primary priority of top managers and executives, and with the fluid nature of modern organizational structures, outdated or obsolete projects reflecting prior mission statementsRead MoreInformation Technology Project Management Appendix Answers Essay19447 Words   |  78 PagesSolutions to Accompany Information Technology Project Management, Sixth Edition ISBN-10: 0324786921 ISBN-13: 9780324786927 Course Technology MIS Series Companion Web Site: Kathy Schwalbe, Ph.D., PMP Table of Contents CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 2 CHAPTER 3 CHAPTER 4 CHAPTER 5 CHAPTER 6 CHAPTER 7 CHAPTER 8 CHAPTER 9 CHAPTER 10 CHAPTER 11 CHAPTER 12 APPENDIX A APPENDIX B APPENDIX C List of solution files available and referenced in this document, in alphabetical order:Read Moreâ€Å"Why Is the Waterfall Model Valuable in the Management of Information Technology Projects?†1450 Words   |  6 Pagesbuilding a successful information system. For this checkpoint I am going to break down each of the seven phases in the Systems Development Life Cycle in detail beginning with phase one. Phase One - Planning - The first phase is in my opinion the most important of all of the 7 phases. I believe that with precision planning, mistake free calculations, and a foolproof strategy a project leader and his/her team can really set the tone for the entire project. The project leader makes all theRead MoreEssay on Lowes and Information Technology Management1748 Words   |  7 Pagessingle store and since has grown to become the second largest in the world. As technology has evolved, Lowe’s has made many advances incorporating new systems and devices to stay competitive. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the information technology management systems used at Lowe’s. It will look at Porter’s Five Force Model, supply chain management; data base management system, five agent-based technologies, e-commerce and system development lifecycle. Furthermore, it will look at business

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on How the Black Plague Effected Society - 741 Words

The plague is a dangerous and deadly disease. The plague is one of the oldest diseases known to the human race. Back when Europe was still in the middle ages all the people including serfs, royalty, jews, and church members were devastated by disease that was unknown to them. The disease spread rapidly through Europe through a variety of means. The plague possesses many names like the black death or the black plague. No matter what the people referred to it as it greatly affected the society in Europe including art, the economy, politics, culture, and religion. The plague is also continuously affecting the planet Earth’s population today. The plague has gotten a very long history as it spread through the world killing millions. The†¦show more content†¦This nasty deadly bacteria is called Yersinia Pestis. The fleas carry this Yersinia Pestis bacteria and transmits the bacteria its host by biting it. Since the main host for the black rat flea is black rats the rats had to develop a resistance to the bacteria to prevent the mass death of the black rat population. The black rats developed this resistance for awhile everything was okay and the Yersinia Pestis bacteria didnt affect the human population. That all changed with a climate change in Asia and the immune defense the black rats had was weakened and the fleas had to find a new host now that the rats were dying. The fleas found humans and the plague outbreak started. Now you are probably asking if this happened in Asia how did Europe get involve. During this time the Mongols were in control of a large part of Asia. The European trades were very interested in the Asian markets. The Mongols decide that the trading would be a good idea. The Europeans were granted access to Asian markets and used a trade route called the Silk road. This trade route connecting Asia to Europe with trade caravans. The caravans carried goods from Europe to Asia and goods from the Asian markets to the European markets . But on these caravans and trade ships back to Europe there was an unknown passenger, the black rat. On these black rats were Yersinia Pestis infected fleas. These stowaways carried the Yersinia Pestis bacteria from Asia to Europe. Even though when crews of theShow MoreRelatedThe Black Plague Of Middle Ages1257 Words   |  6 Pagesenveloped Europe. The Black Plague thrived in the conditions that Europe and its climate harbored along with the filthy living conditions of European cities. The declination of population was immense and altered the way the economy, arts, and religion of Middle Aged society was structured. Carrying along with these byproducts of such a devastating epidemic are the emergence of influential artists and philosophers of the time. The Black Plague originated in China (Europe’s Plagues Came from China, StudyRead MoreThe Plague Of The Black Plague1261 Words   |  6 PagesThe Black Plague is a disease that spread around the world and killed many people. There are three different types of the plague; Bubonic, Septicemic, and Pneumonic (Dugdale). The Black Plague effected Europe greatly and effected there way of life. It came to Europe around the 1300s and had a great impact on society in the 1500s (History). Important parts of the black plague are the different types of the plague, how they spread, treatments for them, and effects the plague had on Europe in the 1500sRead MoreThe Black Death Plague795 Words   |  3 PagesThe Black Death is one of the worst disease in ancient history. It was an epidemic that killed millions of people between 1349-1351.Many people suffered from lack of care and lack of remedy, also it became difficult to find a medical person to diagnose such a horrible disease. Boccacci o, Tura and Venette describe the physical and social effect of Europe when the Plague had begun. In this selection, they describe how people respond and changed their behaviors .People were so scared from Plague thereforeRead MoreThe Effects Of Plague On The People Of Florence938 Words   |  4 PagesThe Bubonic Plague took the lives of many individuals in the heart of Florence. Its reign affected â€Å"not just that of men and women†¦but even sentient animals† (Stefani). While the plague only lasted a mere six months, from March 1348 – September 1348, it is a piece of time that society should forever acknowledge and learn from. Much of the significant information from the Bubonic plague are unbeknownst to people today, even though it possesses such an importance aspect in our history. Therefore, inRead MoreHow The Black Death Influenced Life1399 Words   |  6 PagesExplain how the Black Death influenced life in Europe The Black Death had a significant negative effect on both the economy of Europe and the Catholic Church during and after it s prime, proving to ruin the lives of many both directly and indirectly subject to the plague. However, it can be argued that the Black Death prompted a restructure in feudalism, increasing equality in society. The Bubonic Plague became prominent in 1347 AD, tearing through the lives of many throughout Europe. A major financialRead MoreThe Late Middle Ages of Europe Essay1630 Words   |  7 PagesThe Black Death. Beginning in 1315, the Great Famine brought seven years of starvation and vulnerability for Northern Europe. The winter of 1315 was said to be a â€Å"little ice age,† which evidently lead to crops dying off. Crops and grain were the main food source, therefore, Europeans struggled to find substitutions for food which physically effected them especially in the cold winter months. The Black Death launched at an ailing time for Europe because of t he Great Famine which made the plague evenRead MoreThe Black Death1687 Words   |  7 PagesRaley Date The Black Death Considered one of the worst natural disasters in world history, the Black Death came through Europe in 1347 A.D. It ravaged cities and town, causing a death to the masses, and no one was considered safe. The Plague is any epidemic scourge or calamity for which remedies are difficult to find, and according to the encyclopedia, plague is a common term for a disease of rodents that occasionally cause severe human infection. Named for the black spots that appearedRead MoreThe Mongolian Empire1112 Words   |  5 Pageswas one of the most influential in history; it controlled more land than any other civilization and caused the black plague which started the renaissance in Europe. 1.â€Å"age-set† Who: For the people of East Africa What: A warrior moved through age-grades or ranks starting from a warrior through elder When: Until after 1500 Where: East Africa Why: Showed the warrior emphasis in East Africa How: Political: Allowed mobilizing of young men for military use Social: Was a sort of Social System Cultrual: WasRead MoreThe Black Death And The Bubonic Plague1949 Words   |  8 PagesPursell The Black Death Reassessed What really happened to Europe during Black Death? For years, the accepted version of the event has been that a plague from the East, carried by rodents who were infected by fleas, traveled by trade routes and subsequently infected Europeans. The name of this plague is infamously known as the Bubonic Plague; it’s said to have claimed the lives of a third of the continent’s population. Not everyone accepts the prominent version of this event though. In this essayRead MoreEssay on The Black Death2050 Words   |  9 PagesThe Black Death   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The Black Death had profound effects on Medieval Europe. Although most people did not realize it at the time, the Black Death had not only marked the end of one age but it also denoted the beginning of a new one, namely the Renaissance. Between 1339 and 1351a.d, a pandemic of plague called the Black Death, traveled from China to Europe affecting the importance of cities, creating economic and demographic crises, as well as political dislocation and realignment, and bringing

The Crystal Shard Dedication Free Essays

To my wife, Diane and to Bryan, Geno, and Caitlin for their support and patience through this experience. And to my parents, Geno and Irene. For believing in me even when I didn’t. We will write a custom essay sample on The Crystal Shard Dedication or any similar topic only for you Order Now Whenever an author takes on a project like this, especially if it is his first novel, there are invariably a number of people who help him accomplish the task. The writing of The Crystal Shard was no exception. Publishing a novel involves three elements: a degree of talent; a lot of hard work; and a good measure of luck. The first two elements can be controlled by the author, but the third involves being in the right place at the right time and finding an editor who believes in your ability and dedication to the task at hand. Therefore, my greatest thanks go to TSR, and especially to Mary Kirchoff, for taking a chance on a first time author and guiding me throughout the process. Writing in the 1980s has become a high-tech chore as well as an exercise in creativity. In the case of The Crystal Shard, luck once again worked on my side. I consider myself lucky to have a friend like Brian P. Savoy, who loaned me his software expertise in smoothing out the rough edges. My thanks also to my personal opinion-givers, Dave Duquette and Michael LaVigueur, for pointing out strengths and weaknesses in the rough draft, to my brother, Gary Salvatore, for his work on the maps of Icewind Dale, and to the rest of my AD game group, Tom Parker, Daniel Mallard, and Roland Lortie, for their continued inspiration through the development of eccentric characters fit to wear the mantle of a hero in a fantasy novel. And finally, to the man who truly brought me into the world of the AD game, Bob Brown. Since you moved away (and took the pipe smoke with you) the atmosphere around the gaming table just hasn’t been the same. How to cite The Crystal Shard Dedication, Essay examples

Sunday, April 26, 2020

Kara Walker Essays - Arts, African Diaspora, Guggenheim Fellows

Kara Walker Kara Walker produces mural-sized, paper cutout silhouettes to create a dense caustic narrative of nineteenth-century, antebellum slavery. She details the black-paper cutouts with stereotypical characters ? pickaninnies, sambos, mammies, slave mistresses, and masters. My first impression of her work is that she elegantly portrays scenes from African American plantation life; however, I became aware that sexual, violent, and scatological images are represented repeatedly in her landscapes. She exaggerates the grotesque history of slavery and race relations in America. Foremost of all, I agree with older Blacks of feelings of fear regarding the inclusion of slavery as a part of their history, and the use of stereotypes to detonate ancient equations of racism. Older generations cannot explain stereotypical imagery except with malice and hate. Betye Saar negative opinion of Walker convinced me; she believes that Walker stoops to accommodate the White art world to ensure her financial success (MacArthur Foundation Achievement Award). Saar has fought to suppress stereotypes through the empowerment of these icons, and her artwork arouses sympathy from black compatriots. This can be seen in her work, The Liberation of Aunt Jemima. It seems that Walkers illustration of contorting slave imagery resuscitates noxious racial perceptions which Saar and other social activists try to deny. After I had Ms. Cahans lecture, and during the following class discussion, I clearly grasped the meaning of Walkers intention, Change the Joke and Slip the Yoke, and the reasons for controversy surrounding her ambitious work. I am aware that Walker does not accommodate herself to the White society that once shared the belief that slavery was justifiable. Her use of stereotypical and devastating imagery becomes a weapon, and she seems to avenge the past sins of the society in which she creates her work. For African Americans, the pain of racism is everpresent, and Walker's world is devoid of the sinless and the passive black victim. Walker mines the source of this discomfort from submerged history and goes so deep that everyone is involved. She knows that stereotypes have not disappeared: they have only been hidden. The animated figures of her cut-paper wall murals attempt to change a painful past into satire. Consequently, African Americans can conquer a fear of racism in which the themes of power and exploitation continue to have deep meaning for them in contemporary American society. Using humor, they digest the indigestible agony. Furthermore, nothing can be eradicated, nor can their pain be suppressed by looking back tragic events. Walkers shocking narrative is a powerful heeling process of dealing with slavery. Younger generations who were born after the Civil Rights Movements may have instinct for destroy the fear because they are proud of themselves being black; they are brought up as Black is beautiful. As she has turned the art world upside down and involved the African American society with her work, I understand how art can lift people above the problem and change lives. I would like to say that artist must recognize this point and have responsibility to own artwork. Artist sometimes plays an important part in the social issue.

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Antigone vs Creon Essay

Antigone vs Creon Essay Antigone vs Creon Essay Kaylie Christy Mrs. Yoshiyama English 2; Period 1 30 October 2013 Loyalty or Morals: Which is More Important? Being a big part of a kingdom or being part of family forces one to have responsibilities and duties that are needed to be fulfilled. In Sophocles’ Greek tragedy, Antigone, Antigone has the responsibility of being loyal to her brother, Polyneices. However, Creon has the responsibility of being loyal to the people of Thebes. Therefore, both Antigone and Creon have been loyal to whom they have wanted to be loyal to; this is why both are equally correct. Antigone and Creon were equally loyal. Antigone was loyal to her family and the law of the Gods while Creon was loyal to his people and his word: â€Å"And now you can prove what you are: A true sister, or a traitor to your family†¦Ã¢â‚¬  (Prologue). Antigone wasn’t afraid of the danger of Creon’s law, because being a loyal sister was more important to her than death. Antigone didn’t want her brother to be dishonored by Creon and his law for some grudge he may have against Polyneices. However, Creon was just as loyal as Antigone: â€Å"But whoever shows by word and deed that he is on the side of the State,-he shall have my respect while he is living and my reverence when he is dead,† (Scene 1). Creon states that he will only be loyal to those who are loyal and respect him. As the King of Thebes, Creon has to be loyal to his people, because he has to gain their trust as a new king; it is only fair that his people be loyal to him. Creon and Antigone b oth had too much pride in what their choice was. Antigone had a very strong opinion about the consequence of breaking Creon’s law. Antigone states, â€Å"this crime is holy: I shall lie down with him in death, and I shall be as dear to him as he to me. It is the dead Not the living, who make the longest demands: we die for ever...† (Prologue). Antigone explains to Ismene that they should bury Polyneices and forget about Creon’s law, because they will eventually going to end up dying anyways so why not take a risk and bury their brother so he isn’t disrespected in front of the kingdom. However, Creon has pride for his decision in not burying Polyneices. He explains to his people that â€Å"Polyneices, who broke his exile to come back with fire and sword against his native city and the shrines of his fathers’ gods, whose one idea was to spill the blood of his blood and sell his own people into slavery†¦Ã¢â‚¬  and that he is doing the best for his people by dishonoring Polyneices (Scene 1). He was not going to change the law for anybody, because he was so proud by his decision and thought he was doing the best for his kingdom. At the same time, Creon and Antigone both did things that were wrong. Antigone doesn’t have many reasons why she is wrong, but there are some reasons. Antigone broke the law to bury her brother. As a princess, she has to set an example for her kingdom, which she isn’t doing by breaking the law of the king. Even though the king is her uncle, she should still have enough respect for him and her kingdom to set a good example and follow the law. Antigone states, â€Å"Creon has sworn that no one shall bury him, no one shall mourn for him,† which proves that she knew about Creon’s law before burying her brother (Prologue). Creon also didn’t have many reasons why he was

Monday, March 2, 2020

The Prevalence of School Violence

The Prevalence of School Violence As teachers, parents, and students prepare for school each day, we hope that fears of school violence is not their major concern. Sadly, violence of one sort or another is part of many schools today. In a study of the class of 2000, CBS News found that, while 96 percent of students felt safe in school, 53 percent said that a shooting was possible in their school. 22 percent of students knew classmates who regularly carried weapons to campus. Are student perceptions accurate? How common is school violence? Are children safe at school? How can parents and teachers ensure safety for everyone? Rates of School Violence According to the National Center for Education Statistics, there was an average of 47 violent deaths at schools from the 1992/1993 school year through 2015/2016. Thats over a thousand deaths in under 25 years. The following information comes from the NCES commissioned a survey of Principals in 1,234 regular public elementary, middle, and high schools in all 50 states and the District of Columbia for the 1996/1997 school year. The good news is that 43 percent of public schools reported no crime, and 90 percent reported no serious violent crimes. Still they found violence and crime to be far too common in the school setting. 57 percent of public elementary and secondary school principals stated that one or more incidents of crime or violence were reported to the police.10 percent of all public schools had one or more serious violent crimes (murder, rape, sexual battery, suicide, physical attack or fight with a weapon, or robbery).The most reported crime was physical attacks or fights without a weapon.Most of the serious violent crimes occurred in middle and high schools.A greater percentage of violent crimes occurred in city schools and in large schools with over 1000 students. When asked about their personal experiences, a quarter of students surveyed in 1999s Metropolitan Life Survey of the American Teacher reported having been a victim of a violent crime in or around the school. Scarier still, one in eight students had at some time carried a weapon to school. These statistics indicated increases from the previous 1993 survey. Even so, teachers, students, and law enforcement officials all revealed that their overall perceptions were that violence was decreasing. How do we address this complacency and make our schools safer in fact as well as in feeling? Combating School Violence School violence is everyones problem to solve. The community, administrators, teachers, parents, and students must come together and make schools safe. What forms of prevention and punishment are schools relying on? Some schools have a low security system in place, meaning that they have no guards or metal detectors, but they do control access to school buildings. Others rely on moderate security, which means either employing a full-time guard with no metal detectors or controlled access to the buildings, or a part-time guard with controlled access to the buildings. Still others have stringent security which means they have a full-time guard, use metal detectors, and control who has access to the campus. Almost no schools have no security measures at all. One correlation is that the schools with the highest security are the ones that have the highest instances of crime. But what about the other schools? Neither Columbine, Sandy Hook, or Stoneman-Douglas were considered high risk schools. Schools across the country have instituted violence prevention programs and zero tolerance policies. One step schools take to increase security levels is issuing name badges which must be worn at all times. This may not stop students from causing violence, but it allows teachers and administrators have to more easily identify the students who cause disruptions. Furthermore, badges could prevent outsiders from invading a campus. What Can Parents Do? They can pay attention to subtle and overt changes in their children. Many times there are warning signs well in advance of violence. They can watch for these and report them to guidance counselors. Some examples include: Sudden lack of interestObsessions with violent or hateful games or videosDepression and mood swingsWriting that shows despair and isolationLack of anger management skillsTalking about death or bringing weapons to schoolViolence towards animals What Can Teachers Do? Worries about school violence should not hamper the job educators must perform. Remain aware of the possibility that violence could erupt anywhere. Strive to work together to create a safe academic environment. Teachers are in a tough situation, because if they step in physically to address violence or fights, they may themselves be targeted by defensive or abusive students or parents. Still, teachers are often in the best position to prevent classroom violence. Similar to parents, watch for the above warnings signsTalk to parents about concerns they might haveRemember to keep the lines of communication open with students and parentsBring concerns to guidance counselors and administrationBe consistent in enforcing classroom and school policiesCreate a prejudice-free classroom policy from the first day, and enforce itTeach anger management skills as the need arisesModel healthy behavior and responsesCreate a plan to handle emergency situations with your students What Can Students Do? Look out for and take care of each otherRespect others and their feelingsRefuse to succumb to negative peer pressure, especially when violence is involvedReport any knowledge of weapons on campusTell your teachers about suspicious behaviors of other studentsWalk away from confrontations Resources and Further Reading Binns, Katherine, and Dana Markow. â€Å"The Metropolitan Life Survey of the American Teacher, 1999: Violence in Americas Public Schools- Five Years Later.† Institute of Education Sciences, Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, 30 Apr. 1999.Center for the Study and Prevention of ViolenceNational Center for Education StatisticsNational Crime Prevention CouncilNational School Safety CenterOffice of Safe and Healthy StudentsSafe Supportive Learning

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Corporate Social Responsibility of the Dow Chemical Company Essay

Corporate Social Responsibility of the Dow Chemical Company - Essay Example This research will begin with the statement that the current times do not allow for companies to be in business just for the sake of making profits anymore. Many consumers rely on companies and firms for goods and services, but the level of competition allows the consumers to make their purchasing decisions based on several factors. One of the most surprising factors is how much positive goods a company is doing outside of the workplace setting. Many consumers are basing their company and corporate loyalties on how much a firm is positively impacting on their community. Therefore, CSR has become a growing concern for most, if not all firms and corporations because it provides a competitive edge to a company. Through CSR, companies are innovating new products and services to ensure sustainability. For instance, a firm might change the chemical composition of its products so as to make them safer for the end users. A firm can also devote their funds and much valued time to initiatives that are beneficial to the society, like cleanups. Corporate Social Responsibility entails the managing of the overall impacts of a company on a society. This consists of the direct impact of the operations and the wider impact of business all through the value chain from manufacturers to suppliers and finally to the consumers. Corporate Social Responsibility can also be defined as the ongoing commitment by a firm to contribute to economic development, at the same time improving the quality of life of its employees and their families as well as the society and community at large. CSR can also be referred to as â€Å"corporate citizenship†, involving the incurrence of costs that don’t provide a direct financial benefit to the company but promotes positive environmental and social change. The Dow Chemical Company is a globally acknowledged manufacturer and supplier of products used as raw materials in the manufacture of a myriad of other consumer products and services.